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电脑装机指南——主板篇

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技术小白

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发表于 2020-5-23 15:33:51     
大家好,这里是潮科技。首先来说明一下,这是一个装机指南系列,目的是为了服务于想要装机的同学,分享电脑方面硬件知识,挑选出真正适合自己的电脑硬件,内容会偏向小白向,通过通俗易懂的方式让大家方便理解。让我们进入主题
如今随着CPU性能和显卡性能的提升,电脑对于主板的要求越来越高,导致了主板差异化很大,各种不同型号不同大小的主板相序出世,这就导致很多电脑小白在装机过程中,没法正确的挑选真正适合自己的主板,导致很多资源上的浪费。我们潮科技今天这期就让你了解装机过程中主板的选择于辨识。以购买到真正适合自己的电脑配件。


主板;又称主机板、系统板、逻辑板、母板、底板等,是构成复杂电子系统例如电子计算机的中心或者主电路板。 典型的主板能提供一系列接合点,供处理器、显卡、硬盘驱动器、存储器、对外设备等设备接合。它们通常直接插入有关插槽,或用线路连接。主板上最重要的构成组件是芯片组。各种电脑配件的承载物,一般情况下,主板对于电脑整体的性能,没太大的影响,
以最简单的方法来分类的话,就是尺寸,就是主板的大小,从大到小主要分为ATX MATX ITX ,具体如图所示:


它们有什么区别吗?内存插槽数量不同,大的主板一般情况下,内存插槽会比小主板的要多,后期扩展起来比较方便,我们在装机时,要用主板适配其他硬件,而不是先选主板在选配件,CPU价格变化比较大,所以一般情况下,根据自己的预算先选择,CPU和显卡。之后再根据这些硬件选择主板。


在购买主板时,首先要注意的硬件配置是?
我们在选配主板,应以需求为主导,选择适合自己的主板,首先看内存插槽数量,数量越多,后期扩展性越强,其次看电源的供电相数,一相供电由一个电感,一个电容和一对MOS管组成,用于滤波、稳流。随着CPU性能的增强,对供电的要求越来越高,主板的供电相数也越做越多。一般要在硬件电源需求的基础上加100w。PCI-E接口,,显卡、无线网卡、采集器等硬件都需要它,不同主板的PCI-E接口数量和种类可能不同,应按需选购。对于普通消费来说并不是很重要,,能装个独显打游戏、插个网卡就可以。但对于高端用户来说,多卡SLI或CF、视频采集卡、无线网卡等一起上的时候,PCI-E插槽还是十分重要的。
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